By Jessica Santini
According to a study published on Nature.com, climate change is destroying Ethiopia’s ability to produce coffee.
Arabica trees (which produce coffee beans) thrive in mild temperatures, and the shift in climate is causing the weather to be too hot and too dry.
The study concluded that, “39–59% of the current growing area could experience climatic changes that are large enough to render them unsuitable for coffee farming, in the absence of significant interventions or major influencing factors.”
Coffee is one of Ethiopia’s greatest exports, with over 15 million Ethiopians relying on coffee farming as their main source of income.
While the study suggests relocating farms to higher elevations, that would prove difficult, expensive, and inconvenient for most farmers.
The real solution is to attack climate change at its core: invest in clean, renewable technologies that reduce carbon emissions and pollution, thereby slowing down the effects of climate change.
Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) not only deliver on its promise to produce 24/7 clean, renewable energy, but is best-suited for developing nations. It also produces clean water, which frees up water for farming.